Africa is the Cradle of Humankind
The Development of the African Continent and the rise of Humankind. 550 000 - 45 000 BCE
The first modern Peoples were Hunter-Gatherers
The first modern peoples were nomads who roamed the savannas, deserts and rain forests. 45 000 - 10 000 BCE
The first Settlements
Nomads settle on the banks of the Nile. They build houses and raise cattle. 7000 - 5000 BCE
The Empire of the Pharaos
Small Kingdoms of upper and lower Egypt are unified and become the Empire of the Pharaos. 5000 - 3000 BCE.
The Kingdom of Kush
South of the ancient Egypt the Nubians were founding the Kingdom of Kush. 1000 BCE
The Kingdoms of the Berbers
The Berber were the first peoples of northern Africa. The ancient Egypts called them "the Labu". They had erected Kingdoms in Numida and Mauretania.
Carthage, the first Colony in Northern Africa
The Phoenicians colonize the coastline of northern Africa and establish harbours on the coast. 1000 BCE
Early human Migration, the Bantu Peoples in search of new Land
The Bantu peoples from the Congo region conquer the south and east of Africa. 800 - 500 BCE
The Kingdom of Aksum
Aksum was a powerful Empire in Ethiopia during the early Christian era. It became the greatest market of northeastern Africa and dominated the Red Sea. 100 - 940 CE
The Islam conquers North Africa
The Muslim conquest of North Africa started in Egypt 647 CE and was completed all along the coast by 710.
African Kingdoms in the Middle Ages
Gold, ivory and slaves were the basis of the old kingdoms in West Africa. 800 bis 1400 CE. Also in the Southern Africa old kingdoms came into power.
The Colonization of Africa
With the Age of Discovery the Sub-Saharan Africa is explored. European powers start to colonize African peoples. 1500 -1960 CE
Christian Missionaries in Africa
In the 16th century, the first missionaries from Europe came to the coasts of West Africa along with the explorers and traders and baptised African peoples.
The Slave Trade
For four centuries African men, women and children were torn from their homes, deported to America and sold as slaves. 1441 - 1863 CE
South Africa and the Rise of Apartheid
A white minority, called National Party, gained power in 1948 in South Africa and enforced policies of racial segregation
The Independence of African Nations
African peoples fight against the European powers, who have taken control over their countries for many decades. 1957 bis 1990
How is Africa today?
In 2002 the African leaders come together and found the African Union to promote cooperation among their nations.